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The Indian balsam should, as its name suggests, only be native to the Asian continent. Read here how you can fight the herb.Indian balsam is slightly toxic
Balsam spreads very strongly
In recent times, it has been increasingly noticed that the up to two meter tall plant is also spreading widely in our gardens, forests and meadows. Thereby even the native flora is pushed back permanently, partly completely displaced from its regular places. The reason for this is that a single balsam plant can produce several thousand seeds and throws them within a radius of up to 7 meters.
Balsam is very undemanding
In addition, the Indian balsam, also called glandular balsam, is extremely undemanding. The balsam grows even in partial shade and in wetlands such as on the banks of the river, which further facilitates its widespread use, especially since the seeds have been capable of germinating for several years. In principle, the balsam is only one of the annual plants!
Indian balsam - This is how it is fought
You can prevent the balsam from spreading rapidly by keeping the Indian balsam in your garden as small as possible. Or you can completely remove the balsam from your garden. Which in turn also represents an advantage for the neighboring garden, which may not want this plant at all and still have to expect it to sprout due to the seed flight.
The individual plant stems together with the roots should be pulled out of the ground, which is easy to do, especially in damp conditions. Afterwards, the plants should definitely be disposed of in the household waste in order to really remove them permanently from the gardens. Because in the compost or the brown bin, the seeds would survive and spread again.
The balsam is slightly poisonous
The control of the balsam can sometimes take several years because, as already mentioned, the seed remains germinable for a long time. Furthermore, the balsam is considered slightly poisonous, which is why children should not come into contact with the plant. And even the utility value for bees has recently been seriously questioned.