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Not all vegetables have to be processed immediately after harvesting. Many are even stable for months. However, only if you store them correctly.Storing vegetables is not an art
If you grow vegetables in your garden, you can harvest abundantly in autumn. Then the pantry is usually extremely full and contains so much that you have something to eat for a long time. But only if you store the vegetables correctly. You should pay attention to this, because you can extend the storage time by a lot. After all, who wants to only eat vegetables for two weeks after the harvest?
Preparation for storage
You should harvest your vegetables at the latest when heavy night frosts are announced. Be careful not to damage the vegetables as damaged vegetables cannot be stored for long. Then tap the soil off a little and remove the leaves from root and tuber vegetables. Always leave short leaf roots. Under no circumstances should you wash the vegetables afterwards and only store vegetables that have no stains or injuries.
A little hint:
You shouldn't just throw away the green of carrots, kohlrabi, celery and beetroot. If you, neighbors or friends, have rodents at home, then this is a found food for the critters.
Where should you store the vegetables?
Vegetables should be stored in a cool place. Best in rooms with high humidity, because the vegetables lose water when they are stored. The humidity should be at least 80 percent in winter storage. The ideal temperature should also not exceed 10 degrees. The basement is therefore ideal for winter storage. You can also store the vegetables in earth rents or underground chambers. More on that in a moment.
On the other hand, it is best to store onions and garlic in the attic, as these vegetables require a low level of humidity. Simply braid the dried leaves into braids and hang them on a string or clothesline.
How is vegetables stored correctly?
❍ Possibility 1:
You can store vegetables in a variety of ways. You can use root and tuber vegetables e.g. store in wooden boxes with damp sand. Cabbages should be wrapped in wrapping paper and stored in wooden boxes. You can also store potatoes in wooden boxes.
❍ Option 2:
If you don't have a cellar, you can also store the vegetables in earth rents. How to do it:
- Dig a hollow about 50 centimeters deep in the garden.
- Line the hole with fine-mesh wire to protect against voles.
- Then cover the wire with a high layer of sand.
- Put the vegetables (tubers, root vegetables, potatoes) in layers.
- Cover the vegetables with straw at ground level.
- Spread a plastic fleece over the earth rent.
Lift the fleece on sunny winter days so that the inside does not heat up too much.
❍ Option 3:
Do you have a container made of stainless metal or plastic that you can do without? Then simply convert it into an earth chamber. How to do it:
- Drill holes just below the rim and in the ground for ventilation.
- Now dig the container into the ground until just below the holes.
- Then pour the vegetables in layers and close with a lid.
- Finally, cover with pine twigs to isolate the container from the cold.
It is important with all variants that you never store the vegetables together with apples and other fruit, because fruits emit the ripening gas ethylene, which in turn ensures that vegetables ripen faster and are therefore inedible more quickly.