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Beekeeping in the garden - Requirements & tips for beekeeping

Beekeeping in the garden - Requirements & tips for beekeeping

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Some are afraid of them, others admire them: bees. If you are one of the latter, maybe beekeeping in the garden would be something for you.

Beekeeping is a very interesting hobby

A garden without insects is like a garden without flowers. Because the little animals, such as Butterflies not only beautify the landscape, many insects are also very useful animals. For example, bees can greatly benefit the plants in the garden. That is exactly why many kill two birds with one stone and beekeeping in the garden.

There are currently a particularly large number of beekeepers in the cities, because it is sometimes even easier there than in the country. In rural areas, monoculture often means that the ideal habitat for insects can no longer be found. In addition, pesticides that can be dangerous to bees are often used. Nevertheless, hobby beekeepers find more and more followers in the garden and can actually become a very interesting leisure activity. And by the way, you can also enjoy your own honey.

Requirements for successful beekeeping

Of course, beekeeping is not a hobby that you should choose lightly and without thinking. It is not equally suitable for everyone and, finally, a few important basic requirements must also be fulfilled so that beekeeping can also be carried out. An overview of these requirements below:

➥ Target group:

You can dedicate yourself to beekeeping while you are still working. However, the hobby is particularly recommended for pensioners, so they also have meaningful employment.

If you are passionate about beekeeping and you want to turn your hobby into a job at some point, you can be trained as an animal farmer (specialization in beekeeping). However, if children live in the house, then beekeeping in the garden is not recommended.

➥ Enjoying beekeeping & nature:

The be-all and end-all is, of course, the joy of beekeeping, because the honey harvest should not be the focus at the very beginning. Enjoying the outdoors and dealing with nature is also a requirement.

➥ are not afraid of insects:

In addition, you must not be afraid of insects, because you have to risk one or the other bite.

➥ a lot of time:

And a certain amount of time is also necessary, but not more than in many other leisure activities and hobbies. You only have to invest a little more time at the beginning because there is a lot to learn. And of course, the individual steps also take a little more time at the beginning than with experienced beekeepers. It is therefore recommended for beginners to attend workshops and courses that are often offered by the local beekeeping associations. You will then have to expect a period of one to two years before you are familiar with the job.

➥ Cost:

Like any hobby, beekeeping is of course costly. The amount of the costs basically depends on the extent to which you pursue this employment. For example, to purchase two colonies of bees and the first accessories, you have to expect a maximum cost of 1,000 euros.

It is also important to purchase appropriate protective clothing. These include a beekeeper jacket, a hat with a veil and protective gloves. To calm the bees when you want to take out the honey, you also need a so-called smoker to generate smoke.

➥ Space requirements:

Depending on how many bee colonies you want to own, sufficient space is also necessary. If you want to earn money with beekeeping, you should plan space for around 30 bee colonies. Initially, however, two to three bee colonies are sufficient, which you can get from a beekeeper.

Tips for hobby beekeeping in the garden

➤ Tip 1 - Time to start:

It is best to start beekeeping in May, because then you are most likely to get offspring because the bees take care of their multiplication at this time.

The best way to work on the beehives is always early in the morning, because then the insects are still quite sluggish and it is easier to work.

➤ Tip 2 - plant fruit trees & flowering plants:

The first honey harvest takes place in spring after the bees in the area have collected pollen (Reading tip: Bees in the garden - 4 tips on how to attract them). For this it is important that you provide the insects with sufficient fruit trees and flowering plants.

➤ Tip 3 - make sugar water available after the harvest:

At the end of July or the beginning of August you can harvest delicious honey a second time. You must then provide the bees with sugar water to replace the honey.

➤ Tip 4 - Check bee colonies:

Of course, regular monitoring and care of the bee colonies is one of the tasks of the hobby beekeeper. In spring you have to check the magazines made of wood or styrofoam and see if new queens are growing up. You must then remove these absolutely, because they would drive the previous queen together with part of her “workforce” out of the beehive, whereupon the honey harvest would be less.

➤ Tip 5 - Prepare for rest:

The season ends in autumn. The bees should then come to a rest, which is why you should reduce the flight holes a little.

So that no mice are bothered by the beehives in winter, you should also hang bars in front of the entrances in good time.