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Ornamental grasses: varieties and care tips presented

Ornamental grasses: varieties and care tips presented

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Whether small, large, striped or with flowers - ornamental grasses are an integral part of the gardens. Here we reveal which varieties are particularly beautiful and how they are cared for.

Ornamental grasses look great

Ornamental grasses belong to the absolutely easy-care plants in the garden and are often absolute eye-catchers in the garden due to the variety and color variety that they offer today in garden shops. But they also look beautiful in the house, because many ornamental grasses and their flowers or panicles can be easily integrated into dry bouquets. Simply dry, bundle and hang upside down in a dry room.

Ornamental grasses are simply great because they conjure up a very special flair in the garden. And besides, their movement in the wind is just pretty to look at. However, a suitable or pretty looking ornamental grass variety must of course be planted first. We would now like to explain in more detail how the varieties differ and which look particularly pretty.

Differences between the varieties

A basic distinction is made between one-year and perennial, hardy and frost-sensitive grasses. Most of the common grass types are winter-proof, but in summer they prefer a sunny (full sun) to only moderately partial shade.

Ornamental grasses are also available in various growth sizes. Some are up to 3 and even 5 meters tall! In some cases, especially large ornamental perennials now also have smaller cultivated forms, such as the dwarf pampas grass or the dwarf reed grass. Some particularly pretty ornamental grass varieties are presented here:

  • pampas grass - forms spring-like blossoms from September that last well into winter / pruning in spring
  • reed - often referred to as elephant grass / can also be placed close to water points / growing up to 3 meters
  • Fountain Grass - forms impressive flowers from August to October / needs a lot of sun / prefers a sandy bottom
  • Bearskin grass - lush green / low in growth / belongs to the sweet grasses / blooms from July to August
  • snake Bart - very low in growth (approx. 10 to 20 centimeters) / forms bell-shaped flowers in summer and then berries
  • Moorgrass - is extremely robust and easy to care for / loves the nutrient-rich soil / can also be planted in partial shade
  • Zebra grass - also called porcupine grass / upright growth form / rich green / can be increased in winter by division
  • Red love grass - intensive flower coloring from July to October / fits perfectly into the perennial border / hardy
  • blue grass - blooms from June to July / approx. 30 cm in height / do not cut back in autumn to protect it from severe frosts
  • sedge - Perennial ornamental grass, which is offered in a wide variety of cultivation forms and thus also in many colors
  • Oat grass - particularly robust plant / hardy / forms its “ears” from June to September / about 1 meter in height
  • Blue fescue grasses - gray-green leaves / low growth form / hardy / perennial
  • Japanese blood grass - got its name from its red-green leaf tips / is only partially hardy
  • fog grass - very delicate-looking ornamental grass variety / one-year-old, however, self-seeding
  • bamboo - extremely tall / only suitable for planting large gardens / there are also smaller cultivated forms / spreads widely

Plant ornamental grass effectively

Achieve great effects with ornamental grasses

Ornamental grasses can be easily combined with many other herbaceous plants. However, you should not plant the tall, ornamental grasses in the immediate vicinity of woody plants.

You can now even plant many ornamental grasses in tubs and thus place them effectively on the patios and balconies. Then you have to pay attention again to the frost sensitivity of the individual ornamental grasses.

Ornamental grass has a very decorative effect, even in the midst of flat ornamental stones and is located directly at garden ponds or along the wayside. Of course, you can also plant ornamental grasses step-by-step to create an attractive privacy screen or a garden room divider, for example.

Tips for the care of ornamental grass

Tip 1 - cut back:

Most ornamental grasses need to be cut back regularly once a year. Ideally, however, the individual varieties should always be shortened only in spring, because the grass, which dies in autumn and winter, usually protects the root ball optimally against frost break (reading tip: wintering over ornamental grasses - this is how it's done).

Tip 2 - improve soil quality:

Furthermore, many types of ornamental grass prefer a well-drained, nutrient-rich soil. You can get this by adding a little fine pebble or sand. You can also prevent the soil from becoming compacted by loosening the soil several times with a rake (approx. 2 to 3 times a year).

Tip 3 - propagation:

You can increase the majority of the ornamental shrubs by dividing them or restrict them in growth again. To do this, carefully cut through the root system with a spade in spring (in exceptional cases also in autumn), lift the partial perennial with the roots from the soil and use it again at a new location. Then water the split bush well at the new location.