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Bats are among the endangered mammals that we must protect. These 2 tips show you how you and your garden can contribute.Protect the bats
Bats are very useful animals. For example, they eat hundreds of insects almost every night and thus help in agriculture. Why? Quite simply: since bats eat harmful beetles that would otherwise destroy the trees or plants, less poison must be used against the insects. That is why we absolutely have to protect these endangered mammals.
Difference between house bat and forest bat
But before we devote ourselves to the protective measures, we would first like to clarify the distinction between domestic bat and forest bat. While the so-called house bat likes to be close to people - for example in attics, roller shutter boxes, bird incubators, old cellar vaults, etc. - the forest bat is quite shy and therefore usually only found in forest areas. That is why it is so much easier for us humans to support the domestic bat, especially during its hibernation.
By the way:
Most people hardly notice the bat as a roommate and often confuse their small fecal residue with mouse droppings. However, if you have discovered a bat roost in your garden, you should keep a sufficient distance from the animals.
Tips for protecting bats
Tip 1 - create a species-rich garden:
The more species-rich you design your garden, the more insects roam about it and the easier it is for the bat to find enough food. Night-flowering perennials and shrubs in particular attract insects at night, which in turn can be described as an ideal feeding place for the nocturnal bat. For planting the garden, therefore, they are ideal:
- Evening scented parsley (also for the meadow), evening berths, gold lacquer, king lilies, soapwort, way attendants and willow-herb (summer flowers)
- Apple roses, evening primrose and phlox
- Mint, sage, chives, lemon balm and wild marjoram (aromatic plants)
- Evergreen (ground cover)
- Woods such as elderberry, privet, common snowball, summer lilac
Tip 2 - hang up bat nest boxes:
You can buy so-called bat nesting boxes in stores (or here). You can e.g. hang on trees. Then please at a height of at least 3 meters, better still 5 meters. You can also hang these nesting boxes on protected house gables and other buildings.
Alternatively, you can of course offer the birds a bird nesting box. Then you have to close the conventional entry hole and drill a new, very small hole from below, because bats can climb up. This measure also offers the bat optimal protection against other animal enemies.
Bat nest boxes should be cleaned thoroughly in spring (after the animals have hibernated) so that no germs can spread inside them. Afterwards, the bat may even be able to use the nesting box as a summer quarters and raise its young in it.