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Planting medicinal herbs - varieties and their effects

Planting medicinal herbs - varieties and their effects



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Having a small pharmacy in your own garden is not only practical, but also not as complicated to implement as many might think. Which medicinal herbs can thrive particularly well in your home garden and what should you watch out for?

Marigold fades scars

Medicinal plants have ingredients that have an inhibitory or healing effect on the body. Especially today, when not everyone blindly trusts conventional medicine, alternative medicine and medicinal herbs are very popular.

Medicinal herbs are not only used in medicine, they are also often found in teas, cosmetics or bath products. Medicinal herbs are also processed particularly often in food supplements that are intended to support various natural processes in the human body. Various nutritional supplements and their different areas of application are presented at //www.dr-peterhartig.de/.

Medicinal herbs are also often an essential ingredient in herbal or homeopathic remedies. For example in bladder and kidney tea or in cold baths.

Which medicinal herbs are particularly suitable for home cultivation?

Plant medicinal herbs in your own garden

Marigold

You can use marigolds not only as a medicinal plant, but also to give your garden bed a lush blooming accent. The marigold flower blooms in a bright yellow or orange. In addition, some summer flowers can really wrap up.

The best time to plant marigolds is between March and April. They bloom very quickly, which you can then pick.

Marigold as a remedy
The flowers of the marigold are boiled together with lard. This then creates the beneficial and anti-inflammatory marigold ointment. Here are instructions for marigold ointment yourself.

Effects of calendula ointment

  • anti-inflammatory
  • antibaketriell
  • antispasmodic
  • decongestant
  • cleaning
  • promotes skin healing processes
  • antispasmodic
  • makes scars fade faster

Other advantages of the marigold for the garden
In addition to its healing properties, the marigold is also a popular plant for the garden to control pests. You can counteract snails in the garden with the marigold. To do this, the bed must be completely surrounded by the flowers. In order to avoid roundworms in the beds, it is sufficient to plant one or two flowers in bed regularly.

Lavender

Lavender is one of the most important medicinal herbs. The plant grows in a large bush and requires little maintenance. In order for the plant to grow permanently as a bush, it must be cut regularly. (Cut lavender - when and how?) The special thing about this plant is the pleasant and soothing fragrance. When weeding in the lavender bed, you should have a little pick-me-up with you. Here you can get really tired very quickly.

Lavender can already be sown in March. The fragrant plant prefers to be very sunny and protected from the wind. Lavender also prefers a calcareous and sandy soil.

Lavender exudes a pleasant fragrance

Effects of lavender

  • reassuring
  • blähungstreibend
  • diuretic
  • antispasmodic
  • antiseptic

In aromatherapy, lavender is also often used against stress and sleep disorders. For babies with colic and general restlessness, a lavender pillow can make nights more quiet.

Advantage of lavender in the garden
Lavender not only enchants us with the fragrance, but planted near roses, lavender even keeps aphids away.

Mint

Mint is well known for its healing properties for stomach problems. Delicious teas can be prepared with mint, but mint is also often used to give dishes the final touch. Mint can be easily recognized by the smell. Rub the leaves a bit and your hand smells of fresh mint. In the meantime there is also a large selection of summer drinks that are spiced up with a fresh mint leaf.

Mint calms the stomach

Effects of mint

  • anti-inflammatory
  • antispasmodic
  • cooling
  • refreshing
  • blood circulation
  • against nausea
  • entblähend
  • antiseptic
  • stimulating

Mint in the garden
Mint likes a fresh and loose soil, but is otherwise not very demanding. The downside is that mint grows like weeds. It is therefore advisable to partition and fence off a bed specially for the mint. Harvest the mint several times a year so that it does not spread too much.

Breitwegerich and Spitzwegerich

These two medicinal herbs can be found in most natural gardens. Known by many as annoying weeds, the two plants have their healing abilities.

Ribwort is known to many as an additive in cough syrups. But plantain is also very well known in wound healing. Especially in the case of injuries in nature or a mosquito bite, you only need to chew a few ribwort plantain leaves and put them on the winch. The same applies to white plantain. Simply chew and place on the appropriate area. Among other things, this also speeds up the healing process.

Ribwort helps against the itching of a mosquito bite

Effects of Ribwort and White Plantain

  • antibacterial
  • blood purifier
  • anti-inflammatory
  • expectorant
  • diuretic
  • decongestant

Chamomile

Chamomile is also a classic among medicinal herbs and is easy to grow. It works wonderfully for colds and inflammations. A rag soaked with chamomile tea, for example, helps with conjunctivitis if it is placed on the eye.

Chamomile looks beautiful and has a healing effect

Effects of chamomile

  • anti-inflammatory
  • reassuring
  • harntriebend
  • antispasmodic
  • relieve pain
  • blood purifier
  • drying up
  • antibacterial
  • appetizing

In the past, chamomile was often found in the wild. But this is no longer the case today. Chamomile loves being close to grain. There it is fought acutely.

Sage

The sage is originally native to the Mediterranean, but also thrives well in German latitudes. He likes it sunny and warm. Sage has a disinfectant effect and is therefore the ideal plant for sore throats and sore throats.

The leaves can be poured untreated with boiling water. This is how a beneficial tea is made.

Sage is often used in cough drops

Effects of sage

  • disinfectant
  • antibacterial
  • blutstillend
  • anti-inflammatory
  • diuretic
  • antispasmodic

If you have a sore throat, you can also use sage sweets that you can find in any well-stocked supermarket.

Balm

The lemon balm comes from southern Europe. Because of its diverse medicinal properties, it has been planted in Central European gardens for a long time. Once planted, it grows again every year. The lemon balm can be easily recognized by its fresh scent. In addition to mint, lemon balm is also often used in the kitchen as a refreshing extra.

Melissa smells of fresh lemon

Effects of lemon balm

  • stimulating
  • encouragingly
  • relaxing
  • antispasmodic
  • antifungal
  • cooling
  • virus resistant
  • pain-killing
  • sweat
  • antibacterial

Melissa also shows its positive services in the case of nervous heart problems, sleep disorders, restlessness and irritability.

Thyme

Most people only know thyme from the kitchen, but thyme also has a disinfectant effect and helps with cough symptoms. Thyme is relatively easy to care for and its leaves can be harvested well into winter.

In summer, the thyme even has small, delicate pink flowers that are an eye-catcher in every herb garden.

Thyme has a calming effect

Effects of thyme

  • reassuring
  • disinfectant
  • anti-inflammatory
  • antispasmodic
  • expectorant
  • pain-killing
  • stimulating
  • antibacterial

The special strength of the thyme plant lies in the healing of the respiratory organs.

Parsley

Many care products and food supplements use natural ingredients from herbs and other plants.

Parsley is also a classic in the kitchen, but also a medicinal herb. It contains a lot of vitamin C, strengthens the immune system and helps against spring fatigue. In addition, it stimulates digestion and is diuretic.

Effects of parsley

  • diuretic
  • antispasmodic
  • expectorant
  • promoting appetite
  • blood purifier
  • draining

If you create a small herb bed in your home garden or grow a few herb pots on the balcony, you always have your own small medicine cabinet within reach. In winter, when the herbs cannot be harvested fresh, dietary supplements can help to strengthen the immune system and get fit through the cold season.